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CRITICAL CONSTANTS HELP

Prediction of the critical constants of compounds.Using Lydersen method

The Equations used are :

Tc = Tb/[0.567 + ΔT- (ΔT)2]

Pc = M/(0.34 + ΔP)2

Vc = 0.04 + ΔVlaycb">Tc = critical temperature, k.

Pc = critical pressure, atm

Vc = molar volume at the critical conditions, m^3/kmol.

Tb = normal boiling point, k.

ΔT, ΔP, ΔV = critical temperature, pressure and molar volume increments. All calculated using Lydersen, 1955 data points.

Method of use :

Determine chemical groups of the compound structure. Select contribution value of each group via relevant group structure buttons. For each group enter the number of times it appears in the compound .i.e. compound has 2 methyl groups enter 2 in associated text box. Click okay button when completed. Enter molecular weight , normal boiling point, Click Calculate, predicted critical temperature, pressure, volume of the compound calculated.

Example diphenylmethane :

Group Number ΔT ΔP ΔV

C 10 0.11 1.54 0.37

= C –(ring) 2 0.022 0.308 0.072

--CH2-- 1 0.02 0.227 0.055

Totals: 0.152 2.075 0.497

Hence : Predicted Critical values via calculations are :

Tc = 772 k

Pc = 28.8 atm

Vc = 0.537 m3/Kmol

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